Toll-like receptor 3 pre-conditioning increase the therapeutic efficacy of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells in a DSS-induced colitis mouse model.

Cytotherapy, 2016; 18: 630–641

Background aims: Immunomodulatory properties of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (UCMSCs) can be differentially modulated by toll-like receptors (TLR) agonists. Here, the therapeutic efficacy of short TLR3 and TLR4 pre-conditioning of UCMSCs was evaluated in a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. The novelty of this study is that although modulation of human MSCs activity by TLRs is not a new concept, this is the first time that short TLR pre-conditioning has been carried out in a murine inflammatory model of acute colitis.